What are Phobias?

Phobia is an irrational reaction to a fear, which might be situation-specific, or place. In phobia, an individual experiences a deep sense of dread and panic whenever they encounter the source. The elevated mood pressure prevents a person from leading their life entirely. Sometimes, they would even get the choking sensation and profuse sweating.

There are many factors responsible for phobia; the major ones are environmental and genetic elements. A person who is in close contact with an individual suffering from anxiety is more likely to suffer from a phobia. Individuals who are ongoing through certain medical conditions are at the risk of getting traumatic brain injuries.

Substance abuse and depression are also connected to phobia. The symptoms of phobia differ from person to person, depending on their type of mental illness. Most of the phobias are irrational, and one can cope with it through the right treatment.


  • Hot flashes and chills
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Unusual pain in the chest
  • Sweating and frequent trembling
  • Rapid heartbeat leading to choking sensations
  • Nausea and headaches
  • Irrational fear of any object or situations
  • Intense fear of public humiliation


  • Specific phobia: This is the most common type of phobia, and it focuses on particular objects. The person facing this will have an intense fear of a situation or object, which is safe. Even though they know whatever they are feeling is irrational, but, when it comes to the time to face it, they get severe anxiety or trouble.
    The common example of specific phobia includes fear of snakes, heights, driving cars over bridges, or flying. Such phobias start from childhood and continue until adulthood.
  • Social phobia: Also termed to be social anxiety, social phobia is a condition wherein an individual hesitates or feels humiliated to come in front of other people. They always have the feeling of inferiority, and as a result, they don't grow in their career or workplace.
  • Agoraphobia: In this condition, the person feels anxious and embarrassed in a room full of people. They get panic attacks, and often fear other panic attacks, which makes the situation more troublesome. Some people fear to leave their house, not because of shyness, but due to extreme anxiety.

Moreover, there are many kinds of phobias; some unusual phobias include euro phobia, selenophobia, and barophobia.


The terror of phobia is unimaginable; sometimes, the person gets a panic attack, and the other time they feel highly anxious. The illness is disposable unless you decide to take a step further, and take your mental state seriously. Through psychiatric evaluation, you can learn more about your phobias and the triggers.

To achieve success and overcome the phobia, you need to work closely with a therapist. The most popular therapy for phobia is behavioral therapy, wherein the therapists focus on changing specific actions that are affecting you more. Also, there are more techniques for phobias to develop positive coping skills.

Some common therapies for phobias are:

  • CBT
  • REBT
  • Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy
  • Exposure therapy

Self-help tips for overcoming phobias:

  • Face your fear: Exposing yourself to fear is the best way to overcome a phobia. When you start facing your fear under a trained counselor and in a safe environment, the chances of you getting over it increases. But don't hurry this; practice it slowly and under suitable supervision.
    This will surely take time, but once you start repeating it several times, you will reduce your fear dramatically. Patience and practice are the key ways to overcome the phobia.
  • Practice relaxation techniques: Doing deep breathing exercises will relax your body muscles if you get an elevated feeling. It will reduce your overall anxiety, and would help you calm yourself down in difficult situations. Once you start doing these exercises regularly, your body will get calmer.
    You can also try doing meditations. Apparently, you will notice significant changes in your thought pattern, along with anxiety reduction.
  • Change your thought process: It's challenging to change one's thought process all alone, but you can take the help of a professional to get the best results. Many times, the situations are not so problematic, but you make it through overthinking. You keep on exaggerating the negative aspects and often worry about the outcomes. Hence practice mindfulness and try staying positive in each situation.
    You can even talk to your therapist about different techniques to overcome the phobia. They will give you tailored solutions depending on your illness type.

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