What is Personality Disorder?

A personality disorder is a type of severe mental illness in which an individual shows an unhealthy pattern of thinking, behaving, and functioning. They will also face trouble in relating to any simplest situations or people. As a result, their behavior will obstruct the relationship and would affect the quality of social activities as well.

Sometimes, you might not realize that you are going through a personality disorder until you seek professional help. Many people blame others for their behavior and the challenges they are facing. Usually, teenagers and adults face personality disorders because of a disrupted environment.

There are fewer chances of a middle-aged person facing personality disorder; however, it totally depends on the risk-factors.

Symptoms:

  • Social isolation
  • Self-destructive behavior
  • Distorted self-image
  • Mood swings or general discontent
  • Thoughts of suicides
  • Feeling of worthlessness
  • Compulsive behavior
  • Explosive anger

Types:

A personality disorder is divided or grouped into three classes based on the similarities. Cluster a is an eccentric disorder like schizophrenia, cluster b is erratic disorder, and cluster c is fearful disorder.

  • Paranoid personality disorder: The individual suffering through this disorder shows overwhelming feelings of paranoia. They will find difficulty trusting people and always believe that someone is with them for taking some kind of advantage. Moreover, they get fearful every day and become more hostile. Because of increasing sensitivity, they get defensive and argumentative.
  • Schizoid personality disorder: In this condition, the individual feels that every person around them is causing problems. They feel uninterested in forming new relationships, and it gets difficult for them to maintain a close relationship. Most of the time, they prefer to stay alone as they experience no pleasure in everyday activities. It gets difficult for them to express emotions because of low motivation.
  • Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder: The person suffering from OCPD wishes to have complete control over the surroundings or prefers to keep everything according to them and in order. They are obsessed with rules, regulations, and ethical codes and love the tag of being called perfect. Usually, such a person avoids spending time with family and friends, and never seeks help from somebody else.
  • Schizotypal personality disorder: This disorder is associated with bizarre behavior, like using words and phrases which are inappropriate to the current scenario. As a result, they might get delusional thoughts, leading to grandiose thinking. Sometimes they feel they are famous and have a different type of superpower, because of which they start exhibiting inappropriate responses.
  • Dependent personality disorder: In this state, the individual depends more on the other person to take responsibility for their life decisions. They have clingy behavior and always find difficulty in doing things on their own. The constant fear of abandonment leads to low motivation and self-worth.

Some more personality disorder includes Antisocial personality disorder, Borderline personality disorder, Narcissistic personality disorder, and avoidant personality disorder.

Treatment:

Many people believe that personality disorders are challenging to treat, or it's incurable, but when taken help from certified and trained therapists, you can get the best and assured results. As a personality disorder affects the individual's deep areas of life like functioning and interpersonal relationships, sometimes the therapist might suggest hospitalization.

To yield significant results, below are some effective treatment therapists use for diagnosing personality disorder:

  • CBT
  • REBT
  • Client-centered Therapy

Self-help tips for overcoming personality disorder:

Many situations might trigger you in personality disorder. You will feel overwhelmed at first, and the next hour relatively depressed. It gets difficult to focus on one feeling at a time. Every individual has their own way of working on their problems. However, you can try the below-given tip lists, and see what works for you.

  • Look after your physical health: It's important to look after mental as well as physical health while in personality disorder. Many people suffering from this disorder often try unhealthy ways of coping. Try to do more physical activities to boost your mood to cope with the present moment. It can get violent at times and might lead to self-harm. You can also distance yourself from those who are obstructing you from taking care of your body fitness.
  • Talk to supportive peers: Always be open about what you are going through, and never feel ashamed to talk about it to your friends or family. Share your problems and struggles with those who care about you. Supportive peers build confidence along with empathy, as you can trust them.
  • Keep a check on your mood: If you are dealing with any strong emotions, keep a mood diary along, and write it down. Be kind to yourself, even on bad days, and try having strong control over your emotional outbursts.
  • Plan your day: Planning your day beforehand lets a person decode their overall situations. It will help you to understand when to react and when to distance yourself from the overall whirls of conditions. This will help you regulate your day according to your feelings through different techniques.
  • Seek professional support: Personality disorder is not something you can deal with on your own. You will require someone at the moment to help you get over the negative thoughts. Moreover, if you avoid this problem in the long run, the chances of getting suicidal thoughts increases. CBT and client-centered therapy also help to deal with issues from other corners of life.

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