What is Mood Disorder?

Mood disorder is not a severe mental illness, but impacts an individual daily activities like education, social relationships, vocational relationships a lot. There is severe change in mood leading to major disruption.

Mood disorder is further categorised into two types: Depression, and bipolar disorder. In Major depression, the person will has an overall depressed mood throughout the day. In bipolar disorder, the individual will face elevated mood patterns leading to hypomania.

Both the types of mood disorder vary a lot depending on the severity and intensity of the symptoms. Family history is among the major causes of mood disorder and might result in severe traumatic events. Problems in relationships can also lead to mood disorder, and might lead into substance abuse.


  • Difficulty in concentration
  • Drastic changes in body weight
  • Restlessness leading to insomnia
  • Anxiety or ongoing sadness
  • Irritation and aggression over little things
  • A feeling of sadness and inactivity


  • Depression: In this condition, the person faces a constant feeling of sadness or grief, as a response to any traumatic event. The event can be the death of a closed member, loss of job, financial instability, and other related causes. When this state continues, the person goes through several stressful events that can result in a panic attack.
  • Bipolar disorder: This is the most severe type of mood disorder, and might require hospitalization as well. There are four types of bipolar disorder, Bipolar I, Bipolar II, Cyclothamia disorder, and unspecified bipolar disorder. The individual often faces mood swings and feels elated because of increased levels of activity.


The treatment for mood disorder includes several combinations, because you will be required to take certain evaluation tests. Therapists or psychiatrists often take psychiatric assessments, and doctors take physical exams to identify the core problems.

There will be a set of questionnaires included in the psychiatric assessment which is required to be filled by family members or other close friends. You will also be asked to provide information about your symptoms to find the right therapy. The diagnosis for children's and adults may differ, however therapist uses below-given therapies for treating mood disorder:

  • REBT
  • EFT
  • Transactional Analysis
  • Client-centered Therapy

Self-help tips for Mood Disorder:

  • Stay connected: If you are facing mood disorder, then try staying with closed ones and keep yourself engaged in several activities. Practice gratitude by the help of professionals and know when it's time to see a therapist or a doctor to prevent severe problems.
  • Track the symptoms: Always keep a track of your symptoms during mood disorder. If the symptoms keep on affecting you and your daily routine a lot, tell your health provider about the problems. Don't delay it, because it might later result in severe mental illnesses.
  • Try several coping skills: Try exercising or doing physical activities to boost your mood in the right way. Also learn different coping skills by the help of your therapist and use it in problematic situations. You might often get irritated due to mood disorder, but with coping skills you can get over from all.
  • Build a routine: If you don't build a routine for yourself during mood disorder, then you might start rapid thinking or overthinking about little things, leading to several problems. Hence, always plan whatever you are going to do throughout the day.
  • Plan the crisis beforehand: Mood disorder often leads to speaking rapidly or loudly, and might distract you easily from everyday essential routines. Hence, always plan the crisis by writing it down on a book or a journal. This will help you to stay away from risky behaviours, and you won't overspend or would do unwanted activities.

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