What is Eating Disorder?

Eating disorder is a severe condition relating to improper eating behavior that negatively affects a person's ability to function in different areas of life. It usually affects the body shape, weight and leads to several other diseases.

There are several types of eating disorders that impact the body's nutrition level. It develops in the teen and young adult years. However, with the right treatment one can return their healthier eating habit and you can avoid serious complications too.

Symptoms:

  • Obsession with food and body weight
  • Food binges
  • Purging behaviors like puking
  • Restricted eating pattern
  • Unwillingness to maintain weight
  • Influence of body weight causing low self-esteem

Types:

  • Anorexia nervosa: In this condition, the individual follows a restricted eating pattern and gets considerably underweight, as compared to other people of their same age. They have an intense feeling of gaining weight and they relentlessly pursue thinness, leading to distorted body image.
  • Bulimia nervosa: In this condition, the individual eats a large amount of food in a specific period of time. Even though they get a fear of gaining weight, despite having normal weight, they are not able to control eating.
  • Binge eating disorder: In this condition, the person eats a large amount of food, despite not feeling hungry. They constantly have a feeling of shame, guilt, and distress. A person with binge eating disorder often suffers from obesity, and has a risk of medical complications too.
  • Rumination disorder: In this condition, the person regurgitates food they have chewed previously, and either re-chew it or re-swallow it. This disorder often leads to malnutrition or severe weight loss.
  • Restrictive food intake disorder: In this condition, the individual restricts or avoids eating sufficient nutrition and calories because of the fear of weight gain. They have poor development of age and height, and often depend on supplements for nutrient deficiencies.

Treatment:

The treatment for eating disorders depends on the particular symptoms and the type of disorder you are going from. You can either go for medication, or therapy, or a combination of both. There are several nutrition education workshops done for treating eating disorders.

If you choose therapy for treating eating disorders, the therapist will at first interrogate and address other health problems. In severe cases, they might even ask you to go for hospitalization. If untreated for a long period, eating disorders can turn serious and life-threatening.

Therapies work on an organized approach to manage your symptoms and get a healthy weight. Here are some common therapies for eating disorder that you will likely benefit from:

  • CBT
  • REBT
  • EFT

Self-help tips for Eating Disorder:

  • Pay attention to your feelings: Your feelings and mood play an important role in several types of eating disorder like binge eating disorder, or restrictive food intake disorder. Hence, always pay a close attention to whatever you are feeling and respect what you need the most. It can be counter intuitive at first, but you will get through this by daily practice.
  • Try variations: Instead of eating, you can try doing something new like reading a book or visiting a new place. Trekking is also a good alternative to get a healthy body. If you are suffering from binge eating disorder, this tactic will help you to avoid eating a lot.
  • Rejuvenate your mind: Take your time to clear negative thoughts from your mind everyday. Try healthy exercises to rejuvenate your body and mind, if you aren't able to do all these at first, you can simply try deep breathing techniques.
  • Know your limits: Self-care is important to get over eating disorder, and for this you should know and honor your limits. Make an alternate plan for yourself by the help of medical professionals and do whatever makes you feel more comfortable. Don't force anything, because it might affect your mental well being a lot.
  • Spend time with positive people: Many individuals might body-shame you because of your eating disorder. Some of them don't even consider this as a disorder, and they tend to pass negative comments which might affect your way to wellness. Hence, always stay with people who motivate you, or help you to do well.
  • Constantly remind your body the abilities: Never underestimate your abilities, you can get over your disorder, because your body can do it. Just seek the right help from professions and don't dwell on negativity.

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