What is Depression?

Being a common mental disorder, depression is usually defined by mood swings that affect an individual's day to day life. There is a constant feeling of sadness and irritation which affects the everyday activities adversely.

Depression can happen to teenagers and adults depending on the situation they are going from. It influences several chronic health illnesses and in worst conditions, it can develop into asthma, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and obesity.

Feeling down is normal, but when you feel the same on a regular basis then it can get worse. There are a variety of symptoms of depression, as some will face it daily, whole others will face situationally or seasonally. The symptoms may also differ depending on gender and age-groups.


  • Changes in sleep pattern
  • Poor appetite
  • Low energy level
  • Loss of interest in daily activities
  • Excessive irritation or agitation
  • Restlessness and hopelessness
  • Excessive sleepiness or insomnia
  • Excessive hunger or fatigue
  • General discontent and mood swings


  • Manic depression or bipolar disorder: Bipolar depression is further divided into four subtypes depending on the severity of the situation. In this disorder, the individual experiences low mood or would either do increased level of activities.
  • Seasonal depression: It's a type of depression that occurs mainly during certain seasons of the year. SAD episodes can begin during autumn, summers, late winters, or spring.
  • Situational depression: It's a type of depression that occurs due to a specific situation. The person starts trembling and sweating a lot. For example, sudden episodes of depression while attending any social event.
  • Psychotic depression: It's a severe type of depression, in which an individual faces psychotic episodes like hallucinations or delusions. The episodes get disturbing to handle and often leads to Suicidal attempts.
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder: This type of depression occurs mainly 10 days before menstruation, and lasts up to a few days of the start of menstrual period. It usually happens due to hormonal changes in the body, and leads to constant irritation, sleep problems, and anger issues.


As there are many factors influencing depression, the treatments of depression vary too. To improve the quality of life, you need to seek immediate treatment. You can talk to your personal health care provider to find a treatment that would work best.

In severe cases, doctors often use a combination of treatment like medication, psychotherapy, and natural treatment too. You will be asked to use antidepressants or antipsychotic medications, but it has potential risks as well. But through psychotherapy, you can cut off your negative feelings and benefit other areas of life.

Answering the question, Which therapy works best for depression? It's as follows:

  • CBT
  • REBT
  • Client-centered Therapy
  • Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy

Self-help tips for Depression:

  • Improve your sleep hygiene: Your mood and sleep hours are intimately related. A person suffering through depression will experience severe sleep disturbance. You will struggle falling asleep, or would find difficulty to get out of the bed. Constant feeling of exhaustion is the primary symptom of depression. Work on improvising your sleep hygiene by turning off electronics and reading a book. You can also try several other relaxing activities before going to sleep.
  • Reduce your stress: Human body produces a hormone called cortisol during stress. Sometimes it gears up an individual to get over negative symptoms of depression, but most of the time it triggers depression. In the long run, you can ask your therapist to suggest some techniques for relieving stress.
  • Learn to stop negative thoughts: Depression makes a person think negatively even if it's not so negative. You need to learn about overcoming negative thoughts during depression so as to boost your mood. Different types of therapy for depression like CBT helps an individual to alter negative thinking for eliminating depression.
    You can also try reading different self-help books, online courses, music, apps to change your unhealthy and negative thinking pattern.
  • Focus on building healthy eating habits: Many would avoid this fact, but your diet affects the way you think, adversely. When you increase your protein intake and avoid consuming caffeine, you can prevent your mental illness properly.
    There are lots of brain essential nutrients that affect the mood and thinking pattern. By the help of your physician, start taking vitamins and other related supplements.
  • Stop procrastinating: The several symptoms of depression like difficulty in concentrating, low energy level, loss of interest in routine activities, leads a person to procrastinate their current situation. Set deadlines for your work and work on time-management. Build short term goals, and do things that are important to you. All these will help you break the habit of procrastination effectively!

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