What is Borderline Personaltiy Disorder?

A borderline personality disorder is a severe mental illness, usually developed during adolescence or early adulthood in any individual. It impacts the person's way of thinking and how they feel about themselves. All of these affect the daily functioning of life and might create a negative self-image.

There is a consistent behavior of emotional instability and impulsive behavior, leading to unstable relationships. While in borderline personality disorder, you will feel the fear of abandonment. Through frequent mood swings, it will get difficult for you to tolerate everyone around, and you start ignoring your relationships.

The condition gets worse every day as it usually begins in early adulthood. However, borderline personality disorder is totally curable unless you take the right step to come out and talk about it with your family.

Symptoms of borderline personality disorder:

As in the borderline personality disorder affects the person's way of thinking and how they feel about themselves here are the common symptoms seen in most of the patients:

  • Self-destructing and risk-taking behaviors
  • Distorted self-image and fear of abandonment
  • Extreme emotional swings and insecurity
  • Fear of abandonment or left alone
  • Feeling of loneliness
  • Insecurity because of shifting self-image
  • Explosive anger and guilt
  • Confusing relationships

Causes of borderline personality disorder:

There is not any major cause highlighted by researchers to date relating to borderline personality disorder. However, many factors contribute to this disorder: environmental, genetic, or serotonin abnormalities.

When a person grows up in an abusive or a neglectful environment at an early age, they might get Borderline personality disorder during adolescence. Mood regulatory hormones also make a person susceptible to borderline personality disorder.

If you are emotionally vulnerable or unstable, you are at risk of developing a borderline personality disorder. Child abuse is also considered to be a risk factor behind BPD.


  • Discouraged borderline personality disorder: In this condition, the individual will seem more dependent and needy. They get quickly disillusioned and have a strong desire for other person acceptance. Such patients will cause much harm to themselves as they feel inferior and inadequate.
  • Impulsive borderline personality disorder: In this condition, the individual seems to be more charismatic, full of energy, excited all day round. They get bored or angry when other people do not match their strength, and are frequently involved in a conflict.
  • Petulant borderline personality disorder: In this condition, the individual feels unworthy and unloved, leading to sudden explosive emotional outbursts. They continuously manipulate everyone for their behavior and try to control them. If everything doesn't go according to them, they get more possessive.
  • Self-destructive borderline personality disorder: The person having this type of BPD, are moody, furious, and angry. They fail to express themselves to everyone as they lack a stable sense of self.


Treatment for Borderline personality disorder includes a combination of physiotherapy, medication, and hospitalization, depending on the severity of the situation. Below are the therapies a therapist uses to treat borderline personality disorder:

  • CBT
  • REBT
  • Client-Centered Therapy
  • Art therapy

Counseling outcomes for Body Personality Disorder:

Borderline personality disorder damages several areas of life. It will make your relationship full of conflicts, and in most severe cases, you can cause self-injury. But when you take regular counseling sessions, you will learn new ways to cope along with some possible benefits to other areas as well. Here are some counseling outcomes for Borderline personality disorder:

  • Improved confidence: Therapies emphasize on building coping skills to manage the negative emotions arising due to borderline personality disorder. Through the regular session, toh will be able to handle difficult situations as you will be much confident about your work and own selves.
  • Improved ability to deal with stressful situations: In borderline personality disorder, many individuals are not able to decide well or work well, leading to major stressful life. The therapist will tailor your coping skills according to your situation to help you deal with stressful life.
  • Reduced self-harm: Many a time, in borderline personality disorder, a person's intensity to function emotionally well decreases. As a result, they might do something harmful to themselves, like engaging in doing self-harming behaviors. Often people get mistaken, and to escape the emotional distress, they find a way to hurt themselves, but with counseling sessions, you will learn skills to get over such feelings.
  • Reduced emotion dysregulation: Physical and emotional aggression increases a lot during borderline personality disorder leading to dysregulation. But with regular counseling sessions, you will reduce the likelihood of negative behavior.

Tips to overcome borderline personality disorder:

  • Listen to music: Soothing music will help you create an emotion opposite to the one you would be feeling currently. Try playing music contrary to your thoughts, like if you are feeling sad, play an upbeat tone, and if you feel angry, then go for relaxing music.
  • Engage yourself in physical activities: Activate your body by engaging yourself in different physical activities like exercising, walking, dancing, or cleaning your room. This will also help you to distract your emotions and boost your mood instantly. When you stay physically fit, the chances of getting major disorders reduces.
  • Seek the right support: Reach out to people whom you trust a lot, and speak to them about your mental state. You can either call a friend or a family member and confront them. If you are not able to share all these with anyone, a counselor will be the best choice for you to take help.
  • Stay mindful: Practice mindfulness to know more about your feelings. Try noticing your triggers and emotions that are making you feel inferior. Decide to block or suppress all of it, and don't carry the burden of your past along with you. Stay in the moment, and accept reality.
  • Take a warm shower: When your emotions seem challenging to handle, and you start feeling zoned out, take a warm shower to relax your body. Just like the way breathing deeply relaxes the body muscles, a warm shower will allow you to get distracted from the negativities.

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