What is Addiction?
Addiction is a dire mental health condition, also referred to as brain disease wherein a person becomes dependent or starts craving a particular substance or activity. Being a complex disease itself, it took centuries for researchers to understand the core problem of addiction. The research further concluded that addiction is not because of personal choice or feeling, but it's a disease that affects the brain adversely. Many people still think that only drug and alcohol use is an addiction. But it's more than that; some are addicted to gambling, shopping, food, and many more.
The signs and symptoms of addiction vary according to the addictive disorder. The major symptom of an addicted person is their problematic pattern of use, leading to distress. You will find it difficult to control their use of the substance and continue using it despite the harm and damage.
- A need to use more substance
- Trouble at managing worm
- Withdrawal symptoms when you quit
- Unwanted emotions
- Irritation, restlessness, depression, and anxiety
- Loss of control
- Concentration difficulties
Before understanding the types of addiction, it is important to know how addiction works? When a person starts enjoying time with their peers hanging around, or using some substance, their body releases the neurotransmitter dopamine and some other chemicals. This gives you a feeling of pleasure and drives you to do the same in the future. When a person desires to use the substance again, it leads to cravings, which is the first sign of addiction. Later, as addiction starts developing, you will lose interest in regular activities you once enjoyed doing.
Experts categorize addiction into two broad types;
- Chemical addiction
- Behavioral addiction
When a person starts using substance frequently, then they are chemically addicted. Behavioral addiction refers to compulsive behavior; wherein an individual repeatedly and persistently performs some actions that can affect their mental and physical health.
The recent edition of the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders classifies chemical addiction into mild, moderate, and severe cases. The common addictive substance is cannabis, cocaine, methamphetamine, alcohol, opioids, nicotine, and amphetamines. Behavioral addiction includes internet gaming disorder, gaming addiction, exercise addiction, social media addiction, sex addiction, shopping, and food addiction.
Therapies for addiction
Addiction counseling is one of the effective treatments for super-fast recovery to help you deal with distressing emotions. The therapist will analyze the core problems and will build up new coping strategies for dealing with addiction. Here are some more therapies:
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
- Rational Emotive behavior therapy (REBT)
- Client centered therapy
- Group Therapy
Counseling outcomes for Addiction disorder
There are several benefits you can get from counseling and therapies for addiction disorder. However, you can try exercising and start consuming healthy food as a measure for self-treatment.
- Improved behavior: Therapies will help you get over your negative thoughts and reactions that are not just repetitive but also compulsive and intrusive for addicts. The cycle of addiction starts with denial, blaming, and negative actions
- Relapse prevention: Many addicts often face relapse over some time, and it is deadly too. There are lots of warning signs to look after in addiction, and a professional will help you develop coping strategies by providing positive support
- Understand triggers: People suffering from addiction often have specific triggers, like negative emotions, social situations, and stressors. These triggers will hamper the positive developments and would not allow the person to break the addictive behavior. Through therapies, you will understand your personal triggers and effective strategies to cope up
- Cultivate healthy habits: Building up healthy habits is important to get over addiction disorder. With therapies and counseling sessions, you will learn to practice new habits like regular exercising, motivation, a positive mindset, and many more proactive steps
- Foster healthy relationships: The significant benefits of therapies and counseling sessions for addiction is building healthy relationships. In addiction, people tend to hurt their loved ones knowingly or unknowingly leading to dysfunctional and harmful relations